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March 2 U.S. Air Force launches Rolling Thunder, the sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The air strikes are designed to convince the North Vietnamese to cease their support of the insurgency in the South. It continues off and (mostly) on until October 31, 1968.
March 8 Two battalions (3,500 soldiers) of the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) land at Đà Nẵng to strengthen the security of the air base, which is being used as part of the Rolling Thunder bombing campaign against North Vietnam. They join the 24,000 US military advisers already in Vietnam. This initiates the major US escalation of US troops in Vietnam, eventually resulting in over 1/2 a million by 1968.
March 9 President Johnson authorizes the use of napalm, a petroleum-based substance mixed with a thickening agent into a gel that would burn continuously and stick to anything it touched. With questionable military use, it was a tremendous danger to civilians. Napalm was widely used by US and South Vietnamese forces.