Peace History

Did you know that Ho Chi Minh wrote a declaration of independence in 1945 mirroring the language of the U.S. declaration of 1776?  Did you know that forty-seven years earlier, Filipino leader Emilio Aguinaldo did the same, expecting the United States to support Filipino independence in 1898?  The tragedy of United States foreign policy is that the U.S. government attempted to suppress both national independence movements through force of arms.

The Peace History website ( offers a principled perspective on U.S. foreign policy over the course of 240 years.  Sponsored by the Historians Against the War and the Peace History Society, eight entries have been completed:  The War of 1812, the U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-1848, the War of 1898 and U.S.-Filipino War“Yankee Imperialism,” 1901-1934U.S. participation in World War I, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and Central America wars, 1980s.  Check out the website and learn about the history of U.S. foreign policy.

Also, read about and listen to  Protest Music of the Vietnam War.