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Vietnam War Resisters in Canada

Published on: February 4, 2019

Filed Under: Resources about Vietnam War Resisters in Canada

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A Guide to Web Sites 
 


This web site complements an offline annotated bibliography project underway since January 2000. A September 2014 major revision reorganizes the material and verifies all links. The previous version (with no updating or further maintenance) will remain available as an archive file. (For that link, see the last item listed below.) Because of the increasing volume of internet-accessible material, preference tends to be given to items not available in print format. More emphasis is being placed on complementarity. Much of this listing forms the internet resources component of the larger bibliographic project. Special preference is given to personal recollections. Selected entries are listed in order of assessed relevance, interest, significance, extent of content, currency, etc. Each entry is assigned one or more controlled-terminology tags to describe content. This means that the web browser search function can be used to access particular desired content. Items marked “[Internet Archive]” are no longer found at their original web site and for this reason may be assigned a lower position in the order of the listing. 
  
Tag List:  anti-draft | archive | audio | bibliography | biography | blog entry | British Columbia | conference | document | documentary film | encyclopedia | event | fiction | history | memoir | Montreal | organization | periodical article | photo | poetry | research paper | student project | timeline | Toronto | Vancouver | video | women


 
Requests for Research Assistance 
A service provided to persons conducting research. 
Added:  Jan 2017 
Tags:  not applicable 
 

Vietnam War Resisters in Canada — An Encyclopedic Essay / Joseph Jones 
A summary account of the topic, paired with a critical review of Wikipedia coverage. 
Added:  Jan 2015 
Tags:  encyclopedia | history 
 

Vietnam War Deserters and Draft Resisters in Canada : List of Selected Works / Joseph Jones 
Three lists of books. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  bibliography 
 

Historical Notes on Vietnam War Resisters in Canada / Joseph Jones 
No. 1:  The Numbers for U.S. Draft Resisters and Deserters Who Moved to Canada 
No. 2:  Canadian Immigration Policy 1966-1974 and the Arrival of U.S. Vietnam War Resisters 
No. 3:  Pierre Trudeau’s Views on U.S. Vietnam War Resisters 
No. 4:  Iraq War Deserters Seek “Refuge” in Canada 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  history 
 

Seeking Sanctuary: Draft Dodgers 
Twenty-two TV and radio segments from CBC Archives. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive | audio | video 
 

Draft-dodgers : insoumis, déserteurs et réfractaires 
Ten TV and seven radio segments from Archives de Radio-Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive | audio | video 
 

The Ragnarokr Cordwainery : The History of an American Exile Community in Toronto, 1968-1996 / Philip M. Mullins 
Although focused on Ragnarokr, this wiki site includes much material on the larger Toronto exile community. Includes biographies of about thirty individuals. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography | history | organization | Toronto 
 

War Resisters in Exile: the Memoirs of Amex-Canada / Jack Colhoun 
Text and pdf of the 68-page history of Amex-Canada published in late 1977. Amex-Canada 1968-1977 was both an organization and a magazine that appeared in 47 issues. 
Added:  July 2015 
Tags:  biography | history | memoir | organization | Toronto 
 

Mark Satin 
Mark Satin — Co-founder of Toronto Anti-Draft Programme and author of Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada
Toronto Anti-Draft Programme: Where the Guys Who Said “No!” Came for Help / Mark Satin — Materials from and comment about the assistance program. Expanded in 2014. 
Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada / Mark Satin — About the guide used by many Americans who immigrated to Canada during the Vietnam War era. Expanded in 2014. 
Bringing Draft Dodgers to Canada in the 1960s: the Reality Behind the Romance / Mark Satin — A personal account of Satin’s 1967-1968 tumultuous stint with Toronto Anti-Draft Programme. Posted Sept 2015. 
Added:  Sept 2014 (rev Jan 2016) 
Tags:  biography | memoir | organization | Toronto 
 

In Exile: American Draft Resisters and Deserters in Canada / Anton Wagner 
This 46 minute film from 1972 features draft resisters, deserters, counselors at the Toronto Anti-Draft Programme, and an editor from Amex-Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  documentary film 
 

The Salvation Army Tales / Nancy Naglin 
After 45 years, a 1972 novel set in a Vancouver house filled with draft dodgers and deserters sees publication. Writing from direct experience of the situation, Naglin has realized her chief aim with uncanny ability: “to epitomize the most hopeless and frustrating aspects of exile.” 
Added:  Aug 2017 
Tags:  fiction | Vancouver | women 
 

The Montreal Council to Aid War Resisters & the American Refugee Service / Gary W. Davis 
The director of the Council and Service 1972-1975 recalls his experiences with those assistance groups. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir | organization | Montreal 
 

The Virtual Vietnam Archive 
This massive “donation-driven archive” aims to “collect and present all sides and viewpoints of the era.” Scope: “Types of material include documents, photographs, slides, negatives, oral histories, artifacts, moving images, sound recordings, maps, and collection finding aids. All non-copyrighted and digitized materials are available for users to download.“ One example of available material is a scan of the November 1966 version of Immigration to Canada and Its Relation to the Draft published by Vancouver Committee to Aid American War Objectors. Another is an extensive 2001 interview with John Swalby, who deserted to Canada in 1968. Sophisticated searching ability will prove an asset to the user. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive 
 

Valid Offers, Technical Truth : Part I / Tom Yori 
Valid Offers, Technical Truth : Part II / Tom Yori 

A draft resister recalls trying to get landed immigrant status at the Canadian border. Published in Viet Nam Generation 4:1-2 (April 1992) 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

Vietnam: Canada’s Shadow War 
CBC documentary film aired 26 March 2015 includes 1960s-1970s photographs taken by John Phillips and Laura Jones, and interview material featuring Laura Jones, Jack Colhoun, and John Hagan. 
Added:  July 2015 
Tags:  biography | documentary film | photo | Toronto 
 

Adjustment of Status Program, 1973 
An Immigration Historical Note from Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Landed immigrant status was granted to 39,000 illegal immigrants, including draft resisters and deserters. [Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  history 
 

Baldwin Street Gallery 
Participant photographers Laura Jones and John F. Phillips took contemporary photographs in Toronto. The section Anti-War Movement includes subsections for Baldwin Street American Exile Community 1960s and 1970s [6 images] and Toronto Anti-Draft Programme 1967 [3 images]. 
Also see:  Baldwin Street, American Exile & Alternative Lifestyle Community, Toronto, Canada, 1967-74, Stock Photo Gallery Index 
Separate sections for:  storefronts, demonstrations, street festivals, communes & country, birth & babies, people & street life, children, Baldwin/Darcy laneway, Vietnam War resisters, Rochdale College. Draft Dodgers & Deserters from the War in Vietnam 1967-1974 constitutes the Vietnam War Resisters section and includes 20 images. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  organization | photos | Toronto 
 

Charles Dobie: Local History 
Sets of photographs provided by Charles Dobie include: 
Wedding at the Huron Street Hall, Toronto, about 1970  (19 photos) 
Baldwin Street, Toronto, 1970  (9 photos) 
Added:  Feb 2016 
Tags:  photos | Toronto 
 

Bruce Beyer 
Bruce Beyer Crossing the Peace Bridge in 1977 
Video clip (1:58) of Beyer from 20 October 1977. 
Bruce Beyer Return to the U.S. 1977-1979 
Video clips (7:13) about Beyer’s return from exile to the United States. 
Added:  Jan 2015 
Tags:  biography | event | video 
 

The Last Draft Dodger: We Still Won’t Go! / CJ Hinke 
Recollections 1969-1987 of activism in Canada on issues of Vietnam anti-draft and environmental protection. 
Added:  July 2015 
Tags:  anti-draft | memoir 
 

American Deserters Committee 
Freedom of Information Act files from the FBI concerning the American Deserters Committee (Montreal) – six parts in pdf format. [Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive | Montreal | organization 
 

Our Way Home: Peace Event & Reunion 
On 4-8 July 2007 Vietnam War Resisters in Canada met together for the second year in a row. The program included 12 presentations in two session titled A New Generation of Research on Vietnam War Resisters in Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  conference | event 
 

Our Way Home Peace Event & Reunion / Andrei Conovaloff 
“A Review of the Event and News about It” 
Documents the Our Way Home reunions, related events, and media coverage for 2006-2008. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  event 
 

Americans / J.M. Bumsted 
This entry from Encyclopedia of Canada’s Peoples includes material on Vietnam-era American emigration to Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  encyclopedia 
 

Better Lands and a Perfect Home: Americans in Canada / Mary Murphy 
This 112-page item (April 1989) with bibliography of 38 sources is written by an American woman who immigrated to Canada in 1972. Part II The Vietnam Era (p. 36-56) reviews and questions previous studies of that period’s U.S. immigrants. Part III (p. 58-97) reports on a study of 40 persons in the Sointula/northern Vancouver Island area. All were surveyed July 1987 to March 1989 by questionnaire, and 27 supplemented with interviews. [Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  research paper | women 
 

Draft Dodger: On to Vancouver / Suzanne DeRusha 
Recollection of 1965 immigration to Vancouver from Los Angeles and subsequent involvement with the underground railroad. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  blog entry | memoir | women 
 

A Neglected Number: American Women’s Immigration Experience in Canada During the Vietnam War / Karen M. Dabney 
Includes statistics, images, a personal narrative, and a list of works cited. Course work for Women’s Studies 399, Spring 2003, St. Olaf College. [Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  student project | women 
 

Alternative Service or Alternative Resistance?: a Vietnam War Draft Resister in Canada / Sam Steiner 
”Partly autobiography and partly a review of the non-cooperation alternative.“ 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  history | memoir | periodical article 
 

Give Peace a Chance: American Vietnam War Resisters: Dick, Margot and Roger Share Their Stories 
Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 features brief recollections by three Quaker Nova Scotians: Dick CotterillMargot Overington, and Roger Davies
Added:  Jan 2016 
Tags:  memoir 
 

How to Banish a Citizen: a Two-Step Transaction / Eric 
Statistics 2000-2014 on visa ineligibilities for “people who departed from or remained outside the U.S. to avoid or evade military training or service”; Vietnam War emigrants and the case of Thomas Glenn Jolley; recission of entry ban under 1977 Carter pardon. 
Added:  July 2015 
Tags:  blog entry | history 
 

A Few Biographical Notes / Mark Frutkin 
Writer living in Ottawa. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

Conferences: ‘Canada as Refuge?’ 
University of Edinburgh, Canadian Studies. Record of 1-2 May 2008 31st annual conference. Specifically relevant papers by Campbell, Colson, House, Lexier, Olafson, Romano, Squires. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  conference 
 

Called to Serve Vietnam — Those Who Left 
Two entries:  Craig Dreezen and John Strickland
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

The End of the Road 
A 4:29 minute YouTube video about a draft resister community in Lund, B.C. 
Added:  July 2015 
Tags:  British Columbia | video 
 

Promised Land: Escape from the USA — Gary Hoag 
Vietnam-era deserter is one of a series of ten stories told by immigrants and refugees who came to Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  audio | memoir 
 

One Couple’s Experience / johnnb 
Report on experience of informing U.S. Dept. of State in 2012 of 1973 intentional loss of U.S. citizenship. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  blog entry | memoir 
 

Vancouver Yippie 
Vancouver Yippie! — A collection of links and materials. 
Yippies — A section of Vancouver Anarchist Online Archive. 
Draft resisters are mentioned as a component of the forces that invaded Blaine, Washington on 9 May 1970. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  history | memoir | Vancouver 
 

Storming The Barricades, 1967-1973: Vancouver’s Underground Press Gangs / Rick McGrath 
This extensive listing of individuals associated with the early years of the Georgia Straight includes a number of draft resisters. [Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography | memoir | Vancouver 
 

Draft-Age Americans in Canada 
A section from Forging our Legacy: Canadian Citizenship and Immigration, 1900-1977, a book by Valerie Knowles commissioned by the federal department. The 1970 photograph of the Montreal American Deserters Committee can also be found in: Spencer, William, “Why they won’t fight,” Weekend magazine 20:6 (Feb. 7, 1970) 2. There the individuals are identified as: Larry Svirchev, Jim Weeks, Paul Petri, Steve Argo, John Nichols (left to right). 
Special Note: The above link became a matter of controversy in 2009 because the material was removed from the Government of Canada web site (possibly reflecting a current Canadian government attitude toward Iraq War deserters in Canada). On 4 July 2009 Sue Bailey of Canadian Press reported on Ken Marciniec’s access to information attempts to discover why the information disappeared. The link now works again. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  history 
 

Ronald J. Anderson, deserter from U.S. Army, is arrested in Peace Arch Park on August 24, 1974 / Daryl C. McClary 
Article from HistoryLink.org, the free online encyclopedia of Washington State history. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  encyclopedia 
 

Thomas Jolley 
Article from Wikipedia about the case of a stateless (motivated by Vietnam War resistance) citizenship renouncer, who returned to the United States. 
Added:  Jan 2015 
Tags:  biography | encyclopedia 
 

Vietnam War Resisters: Then and Now 
Stories with photos of thirteen men who came to Canada during the Vietnam War. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography 
 

The Carter Pardon of January 21, 1977 
Texts: 
Proclamation 4483 – Granting pardon for violations of the Selective Service Act, August 4, 1964 to March 28, 1973 
Executive Order 11967 – Relating to violations of the Selective Service Act, August 4, 1964 to March 28, 1973 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  document 
 

The Vietnam Lotteries 
The Selective Service System describes the draft lotteries and list the results for seven lotteries held 1970-1976 for men born 1944-1956. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  document 
 

Hell No We Won’t Go 
Facebook promotion site for 2013 television documentary. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  documentary film 
 

Edward I. Koch 
Transcript from Notable New Yorkers produced by Oral History Research Office, Columbia University Libraries. Former Congressman Koch discusses his December 1969 visit to Canada to talk with draft resisters (pages 529-532). 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

Television News Archive, Vanderbilt University 
“The world’s most extensive and complete archive of television news” includes ABC, CBS, and NBC evening news programs since August 5, 1968. A database provides access through abstracts for each story. Records include interviews with American exiles in Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive | video 
 

Building Sanctuary: the Movement to Support Vietnam War Resisters in Canada, 1965-1973 / Jessica Squires 
Source:  ActiveHistory.ca (29 Nov 2013) 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  blog entry 
 

The Re-writing of History: the Misuse of the Draft “Dodger” Myth against Iraq War Resisters in Canada / Luke Stewart 
Source:  ActiveHistory.ca 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  research paper 
 

From Deserters’ Oasis to Deportation Orders / Dave Perri 
Source:  Peace Magazine 25:2 (Apr-Jun 2009) 11 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  periodical article 
 

Future Stress: the Psychology of Exile / Jack Colhoun and Joseph Jones 
Source:  Amex Canada 4:6 / 38 (Jan.-Mar. 1974) 42-44 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  periodical article 
 

Remembering the Draft Evaders / Hugh Brewster 
Source:  Zoomer (21 Jan 2013) 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  periodical article 
 

A Brief and Incomplete Bibliography of Works about American Draft Dodgers and Deserters from the Vietnam War / Stuart Spore 
A twenty-item listing. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  bibliography 
 

Vietnam War Internet Links / William A. Joseph, Wellesley College 
Includes sections for Draft and Antiwar Movement. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  bibliography 
 

Frank H. Epp  1929-1986 
An entry from the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Editor of I Would Like to Dodge the Draft Dodgers, But … (1970) — the first book published on the subject of American Vietnam War resisters in Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography | encyclopedia 
 

Nancy Meek Pocock  1910-1998 
Toronto supporter of Vietnam war resisters. 
Added:  Oct 2014 
Tags:  biography 
 

Keith Maillard: A Self Portrait 
Novelist Keith Maillard offers three paragraphs about his Vietnam War-motivated immigration to Canada from the United States. 
Added:  Jan 2015 
Tags:  biography 
 

joenickell.com 
Joe Nickell resided in Canada 1968-1977 as a war resister exile. Brief illustrated accounts are provided under the headings War Resister and Anti-War Activist and Federal Fugitive under the Personas tab. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography 
 

About Roger Hollander 
Roger Hollander outlines a personal history that includes Resistance abandonment of CO assignment, period in Canada, Ford clemency, and 1976 return to Canada. 
Added:  Jan 2015 
Tags:  biography 
 

Remembrances: Fugitive Days 
Blogger Rodak briefly recalls “my short-lived run to Canada.” 
Added:  Feb 2016 
Tags:  memoir 
 

Exiled American Refused Pardon 
Now a physician in Sweden, Michael Bransome spent a year en route in Canada. He remains an unpardoned exile from the United States. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  biography 
 

A Hundred Years of Immigration to Canada 1900-1999 
This timeline from Canadian Council for Refugees includes events relevant to the history of U.S. Vietnam War resister migration to Canada. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  timeline 
 

Immigration to Canada 1928-1971 
Six tables of statistics provided by Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 (Halifax). 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  statistics 
 

GI Resistance in the Vietnam War 
“By 1970, the U.S. Army had 65,643 deserters.” 
Added:  Jan 2016 
Tags:  history 
 

War Resistance, Amnesty and Exile – Just the Facts / Harold Jordan 
Basic account produced by American Friends Service Committee May 2000. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  periodical article 
 

History: Reversing the Vietnam Verdict / Jack A. Smith 
On 28 May 2012 Barack Obama launched a “Vietnam War Commemoration,” a thirteen-year project designed “to justify, glorify and honor Washington’s catastrophic, aggressive and losing war against Vietnam.” 
Added:  Nov 2014 
Tags:  periodical article 
 

Sir! No Sir! 
Film: The web site related to this documentary on the GI resistance to the Vietnam War was closed. However, displacedfilms.com still has information about the film. 
Tags:  archive | documentary film 
 

Rick Bébout 
Leaving America … and laying America to Rest — A section from his larger work An American Education 
Yankee Refugees : Escape from Freedom — Part of Time and Place: Toronto, 1971, excerpted from the initial chapters of what was to have been a book on the history of The Body Politic (Toronto). 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

About the Vietnam War (1960-1975) 
Part of the Modern American Poetry site. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  poetry 
 

My Draft Resistance / Eric Pence 
Recollection of 1969 draft refusal in Seattle that might have led to Canada but did not. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir 
 

RITA (Resistance in the Army) / Max Watts 
[Internet Archive] 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  memoir | organization 
 

Vietnam War Bibliography / Edwin E. Moïse 
Includes relevant items, particularly under subheadings The Antiwar Movement and International — Canada
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  bibliography 
 

Men and Women Who Dare to Say No : Mennonite Resistance to Draft Registration 1980-1985 / Mark Becker 
A substantial essay based on primary research. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  research paper 
 

Draft Registration, Draft Resistance, the Military Draft, and the Medical Draft / Edward Hasbrouck 
A large collection of information, on a web site hosted in Canada, regularly maintained by a long-standing draft resistance activist. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  anti-draft 
 

Archived Version of Vietnam War Resisters in Canada 
The version of this web site that existed prior to the extensive revision of September 2014. 
Added:  Sept 2014 
Tags:  archive 

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